I have moved forward in this course, which was mostly based on videos. A good set of videos that I have shared with colleagues and in social media.
Unfortunately practically no discussion took place, which is a less positive aspect of this course.
As there are not many videos in portuguese about e-accessibility, I decided to make a few screencasts organized in 4 short episodes.
14 March 2016
Evolution of HTML to version HTML 5, which introduced some new semantic elements. The «div» element in previous versions was replaced by:
<header> – <footer> – <nav> – <main> – <section>
This corresponds to a normal structure of a website, with a header for a Title, a navigation bar, a main introduction, sections (body content) and a footer with links for contacts, copyright, social media links, etc.
References and resources:
The Accessibility Project http://www.a11yproject.com/
Stack Overflow http://www.stackoverflow.com
WAVE Web Accessibility Tool http://wave.webaim.org
We have web accessibility in mind http://www.webaim.org
13 March 2016
Fixing Web Accessibility Issues (Part 1)
Fixing Web Accessibility Issues (Part 2)
12 March 2016
How to use a Web validator, in this case WAVE from WebAim and how to fix the error
Problems detected surfing a website with JAWS
MajorWeb Browsers: Chrome, Firefox; IE, Safari.
HTML (Markup Language) goes along with CSS language. CSS is more related to visual presentation. Screen readers usually overlook CSS.
11 March 2016
Impacts of captioning
Recursos sobre acessibilidades:
Accessibility in Microsoft Office 2010 http://www.microsoft.com/enable/products/office2010/
Accessibility Features in Office 2013 http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/support/accessibility-features-in-office-2013-HA102852263.aspx
Create Accessible PDFs from Accessible Office Documents http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/word-help/create-accessible-pdfs-HA102478227.aspx
Create an Accessible PDF from Microsoft Word 2010 Document (WebAIM)http://webaim.org/techniques/acrobat/converting#word
Creating Accessible Word Documents http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/word-help/creating-accessible-word-documents-HA101999993.aspx?CTT=5&origin=HA102478227
Creating Accessible PowerPoint Presentations http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/powerpoint-help/creating-accessible-powerpoint-presentations-HA102013555.aspx
Make Accessible PDF files with Adobe Acrobat XI Prohttp://wwwimages.adobe.com/content/dam/Adobe/en/products/acrobat/pdfs/adobe-acrobat-xi-make-accessible-pdf-files-tutorial_ue.pdf
Microsoft Accessibility Website http://www.microsoft.com/enable/
WebAIM Create Accessible Word Documents http://webaim.org/techniques/word/
WebAIM PDF Accessibility http://webaim.org/techniques/acrobat/
WebAIM PowerPoint Accessibility http://webaim.org/techniques/powerpoint/
Using the Accessibility Checker http://office2010.microsoft.com/en-us/starter-help/accessibility-checker-HA010369192.aspx
Audio Description Coalition A Brief History of Audio Description in the U.S.http://www.audiodescriptioncoalition.org/history.html
Audio Description Project, American Council of the Blind. Audio Description on TV.http://www.acb.org/adp/tv.html
Described and Captioned Media Program. DCMP Captioning Key http://captioningkey.org/
Federal Communications Commission. Closed captioning on television. http://www.fcc.gov/guides/closed-captioning
Gannon, J. R. (1981). Deaf heritage: A narrative history of deaf America. Silver Spring, MD: National Association of the Deaf.
National Center on Disability and Access to Education. Captioning YouTube Videos.http://ncdae.org/resources/cheatsheets/youtube.php.
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders. NIH Publication No. 00-4834 Captions for Deaf and Hard of Hearing Viewers. http://www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/hearing/Pages/caption.aspx
Oxenford, David. FCC Adopts New Obligations to Caption Online Video Clips of TV Programs. http://www.broadcastlawblog.com/2014/07/articles/fcc-adopts-new-obligations-to-caption-online-video-clips-of-tv-programs/.
Snyder, J. (2014). The visual made verbal: A comprehensive training manual and guide to the history and applications of audio description. Arlington, VA : American Council of the Blind.
Stark, B. (2013). Described and Captioned Media Program: Basic Guidelines for Busy Families and Others Who Shoot Their Own Video. http://www.dcmp.org/ciy/
Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.0 http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG20/
8 March 2016
7 March 2016
Speech Recognition (speech input) talking to the computer so that it transform spoken words into written text, voice dictation software.
Differences between Text-to-Speech (TTS – speech output) and Screen Readers
Principles of Universal Design
Assistive Technology definitionn
4 March 2016
This course has excellent videos and excellent tutors and guests
Arthur_Murphy_Lesson_5.2.mp4 – Gestural Interface –
Resources for Module 2 – ICT Accessibility Design
W3C: Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) –http://www.w3.org/WAI/
Section 508 (US GOV) http://www.section508.gov
A List Apart: For People Who Make Websites http://alistapart.com/
User-centered design – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User-centered_design
Example Personas, Accessibility in User-Centered Design, Just Ask: Integrating Accessibility Throughout Designhttp://www.uiaccess.com/accessucd/personas_eg.html
«Remember that people are diverse. Be careful not to assume that all users, including users with disabilities, use the product the same way. People use different interaction techniques, different adaptive strategies, and different assistive technology configurations. People have different experiences, different expectations, and different preferences. This persona is just one example of a user in this user group.»
The Technology Behind the NYTimes.com Redesign http://nyti.ms/1atlyuW
Welcome to The New http://www.nytimes.com/redesign/
Improving Article Accessibility http://nyti.ms/TsaZD3
Norman, D. (1988). The Psychology of Everyday Things (1 edition.). New York: Basic Books.
Norman, D. (2013). The Design of Everyday Things: Revised and Expanded Edition (Revised Edition edition.). New York, New York: Basic Books.
Krug, S. (2014). Don’t Make Me Think, Revisited: A Common Sense Approach to Web Usability (3 edition.). Berkeley, Calif.: New Riders.
Gothelf, J. (2013). Lean UX: Applying Lean Principles to Improve User Experience. (J. Seiden, Ed.) (1 edition.). Beijing ; Sebastopol, CA: O’Reilly Media.
Lidwell, W., Holden, K., & Butler, J. (2010). Universal Principles of Design, Revised and Updated: 125 Ways to Enhance Usability, Influence Perception, Increase Appeal, Make Better Design Decisions, and Teach through Design (Second Edition, Revised and Updated edition.). Rockport Publishers.
3 March 2016
Market – Buying Accessible
Usually tha market for people with disabilities is seen as a small and unprofitable market, but when looking at global level it means that circa 1.3 billion people have disabilities of varied nature, namely a growing aging population. This report of 2013 shows the potential of a market for consumers with disabilities – Sustainable Value Creation Through Disability
A US website on Buying Accessible – http://buyaccessible.gov/
Legislation on Accessibility
The U.S. FCC under Section 255 of the Communications Act require telecommunications equipment manufacturers and service providers to make their products and services accessible to people with disabilities – FCC Telecommunications Act Section 255
ADA/1990/USA to be updated in 2016 – Section 508 (Rehabilitation Act). Legal action is taken place against companies that don’t comply with accessibility regulations.
A review of accessibility legislation in some countries:
Canada – ODA legislation – https://www.ontario.ca/page/accessibility-laws. Canada is giving financial support to small companies to provide accessibility, both physical and digital.
Germany – BITV Regulation
European Committee for Standardization – https://www.cen.eu/Pages/default.aspx
AMAC Accessibility Solutions and Research Center http://www.amacusg.org
Accessibility Support ICTAccessibilityTechSupport@amac.gatech.edu
The Center for 21st Century Universities (C21U) http://c21u.gatech.edu
Georgia Tech Professional Education https://pe.gatech.edu/
Resource Website: Coursera Verified Certificate
Coursera’s help page for Learners with Disabilities
United Nations Disabilities Definition http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/enable/faqs.htm
Social Model of Disabilities https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_model_of_disability
United Nations Enable http://www.un.org/disabilities/index.asp
Job Access with Speech (JAWS) http://www.freedomscientific.com/Products/Blindness/JAWS
Apple iPhone VocieOver http://www.apple.com/accessibility/ios/#vision
Lesson 3: ICT Foundations, Section 1
Information Communications Technology (ICT)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Information_and_communications_technology
The Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) http://www.un.org/disabilities/default.asp?navid=15&pid=150
Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilitieshttp://www.un.org/disabilities/convention/conventionfull.shtml
The Global Initiative for Inclusive (G3ict) http://g3ict.com/
International Telecommunication Union (ITU) http://www.itu.int/en/Pages/default.aspx
e-Accessibility Policy Toolkit for Persons with Disabilities http://www.e-accessibilitytoolkit.org/
M-Enabling Summit http://www.m-enabling.com/
International Association of Accessibility Professionals (IAAP): http://www.accessibilityassociation.org/
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) http://www.ada.gov/index.html
The Rehabilitation Act Amendments (Section 508) http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/background/section-508-the-law
The Rehabilitation Act Amendments (Section 503) http://www.dol.gov/compliance/laws/comp-rehab.htm
Federal Communications Commission, Section 255 http: //www.fcc.gov/guides/telecommunications-access-people-disabilities
Telecommunications Act Section 255 Guidelines http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-telecommunications-act-guidelines
World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG20/
Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG20/
Europeans Procurement Toolkit http: //mandate376.standards.eu/
The United States Access Board http://www.access-board.gov/
Fifth Quadrant Analytics http: //returnondisability.com/
Office of Disability Employment Policy (ODEP) http://www.dol.gov/odep/
The European Union has an Accessible ICT Procurement Toolkit http://mandate376.standards.eu/
Vídeos of course – ICT Without Sight – https://youtu.be/W-vq7jay9Eg
1 March 2016
Module I – ICT Accessibility
Definition of person with disability
UN statistics show increasing number of disabilities owing to growth of population and aging population.
Categories of disabilities
UN Enable website – https://www.un.org/development/desa/disabilities/
Definition of ICT
29 Feb 2016
MOOC promoted by the Georgia Institute of Technology, starting 29 February 2016, edX platform – https://courses.edx.org/courses/course-v1:GTx+ICT100x+1T2016/info
- Module 1: ICT Accessibility
- Module 2: ICT Accessibility Design
- Module 3: Assistive Technology
- Module 4: Accessible Documents and Multimedia
- Module 5: Web Accessibility Evaluation and Design
- Module 6: ICT Accessibility Operations