26 May 2012
The theme for discussion this week, in First Steps MOOC, is about reflective practice. I read the introduction resource in the platform and revisited Kolb’s reflective cycle, that comprises four stages of learning from experience by adults. However, one doesn’t simply learn from experience, one learns from reflecting from that experience, and from that reflection one makes generalisations and formulates concepts which can be applied to other situations. The learner makes a link between theory and action by planning, acting, reflecting and relating. The following diagram allows the visualization of the model:
Gibbs reflective cycle comprises the following six stages:
Brookfield states that adult learning depends on «variables of culture, ethnicity, personality and political ethos (that)assume far greater significance in explaining how learning occurs and is experienced than does the variable of chronological age» (Brookfield, 1995)
He introduced 6 principles in his approach, considering that: (i) participation in learning is a voluntary act; (ii) adults have a sense of self-worth; (iii) collaboration is reflected by a diagnosis of needs, learning objectives, curriculum, methodology and evaluation criteria; (iv) praxis (as the continuous process of action, reflection and experimentation) is at the heart of effective facilitation; (v) adults have a spirit of critical reflection, everything should be questioned, truth is transitory and relative; (vi) adults are self-directed, proactive, engaged in personal and social relationships, rather than reactive and controlled by circumstances.
Reflective model principles (Brookfield) – link for Mind42, the mindmap has notes for each principle